Which is best approach to software development: Agile or Waterfall

Which is best approach to software development: Agile or Waterfall

Coding happens to be the first thing that occupies our mind when it comes to software development. Software development is a long drawn out process as it entails in depth analysis, viability assessments and planning, prior to kicking off coding. After all, there is no point in spending time and effort on an idea that is wasteful. For instance, you are holding an event and have solicited the presence of a few but if you have not planned the event well, everything will fall apart. The same holds true for software development. In this write up, we will be touching upon two of the most regularly used approaches to software development—Agile and Waterfall.These two approaches are utilized for any management project, they are commonly utilized for software development. Agile and Waterfall methods happen to be two types of Software Development Life Cycles (SDLC) that assist you in setting up the method of a new project for design, development, and testing of the software. The approach you select initially defines the sequences of these stages. What sets apart Agile and Waterfall methodologies is that the former permits an iterative development and the latter adheres to strict sequence. Now let us understand these a bit better.

Also Read : The Agile Way Of Testing Software ?

What do you mean by Software Development Life Cycle?

Software development has several stages. These stages happen to be Need Evaluation, Planning, Software Designing, Software Development, Software Testing and Software Deployment which together is called SDLC . Based on the project and preferred outcomes, we have various methodologies to this lifecycle. While Waterfall and Agile happen to be usual approaches, there are others as well including V and V model, Spiral model and Prototype model. Based on the needs and other specifications (like industry, type of software, the technology used), we arrive at the approach to utilize.

Waterfall Method

Also called Linear Sequential Life Cycle Model, Waterfall is an extremely sequential approach. As it is obvious by now that the method adheres to a strict pattern, implying that the software development process proceeds merely to the next stage when the first one finishes properly. It’s meant for simple projects having no future development. The Waterfall method comprises seven phases

– Start: The beginning where you conceive the design.

-Origin & Assessment: Collect and save the things needed for your software development project such as system, software requirements, etc.

– Devise: At this stage, you will ascertain how your software will work and the elements essential for coding.

– Build: It is the implementation time when you code all components of your software & test it alongside; you also merge every element with other units to enliven the software architecture in the design phase.

– Examining: This phase warrants excessive testing for users, finding bugs, etc. You must go forward and backward in this stage to tackle the problem that you find in the tests.

– Execution: This is the final stage where the software goes live to be utilized by the clients.


As clear as daylight: The timelines and deliverables regarding the project are arrived at beforehand. This establishes a lot of clarity and collaboration between the development team and clients.

Excessive Documentation: This approach needs excessive documentation of every phase cutting out the prospects of mistakes or misunderstandings.

Effective Work: You do not require to have the full development team for a sole task. This method gives a clear view of tasks to carry out permitting each individual to concentrate on their activities while others involve themselves in other facets of work.

Build: This is the implementation time when you code each element of your software & test it alongside; you also merge each element with other units to bring the software architecture in the design stage to life.

Hands-Off Approach: It hinges on a hands-off customer approach as post the initial design & plan, there is minor or zilch customer presence till you reach the review phase.


Deficiency in customer engagement: Some projects need a lot of customer involvement based on the product. Also, at times clients do not like a hands-off approach. In any case, this approach leads to frustration as well.

Tough to effect changes: This method believes in following a strict sequence and this makes it tough to go to the previous one to effect changes. This can be problematic if a developer confronts a roadblock. Software development needs adaptability, more so as you cannot expect customers to be familiar with software totally from the start.

Last-Minute Testing: This is a method bound by time. It is not unusual for development projects to go behind the schedule as coding consumes a lot of time. Resultantly, to catch up with the deadline, software developer teams dilute the testing stage by doing a rush job.

Also Read : Which software development approach works best ?

Agile Method

As for the Agile method it is based a lot on involvement and adaptability. It has 2 chief components, such as time and teamwork. In this method, rather than building a timeline for the total software development project, you dissect the same into personal deliverable pieces. These deliverables are known as sprints, each of them involves a few weeks. Once a deliverable is through, it’s submitted to the clients for assessment. This assists in us drawing the plan for the next one.


Client engagement: This promotes a positive culture of constant engagement between customer and development team.

Flexibility in terms of Deliverables: It permits dynamism as far as deliverable is concerned. It depends upon the sequence of significant tasks. For instance, it offers flexibility to unleash the basic software prior to building the full suite.

Highly Adaptable: This is the best part of Agile method. It offers customers a clear idea of what is accomplished and what is not; the developer can easily get into the planned sprints devoid of any hiccups.

High client involvement: It is fixated with clients as they get involved in each stage of development.


Tough at times: It needs the whole development team to be involved in one project. This is very tough for development companies having several projects happening simultaneously.

Expensive: Time-based sprints permit planning, but prospect of deadline breaching the limit becomes higher. Also, in case a project needs to develop extra sprints, it can be a bit expensive.

Excessive Communication: This method needs very good communication, the developer has to be in regular touch with the client in the entire project.

In the end

The method to use hinges on several factors. For example, Waterfall is ideal when there is no or less need for client interference while Agile would be perfect if the project needs regular feedback and engagement of clients at every stage. Agile is basically meant for complex and big projects devoid of limited budget. You must factor in every facet prior to reaching the end game.

What can we expect from Bootstrap 5?

What can we expect from Bootstrap 5?

From the time it burst on to the screen in 2011, Bootstrap remains a very well-known open-source CSS framework to swiftly develop contemporary, responsive, and flexible websites and applications. The newest superior avatar of the framework is 4.5.2, and the Bootstrap has unleashed its newest beast called Bootstrap 5.

After a lot of work on its features, the Bootstrap team finally showcased the first alpha version of the eagerly awaited Bootstrap 5. There are several changes yet to arrive,Bootstrap 5 Alpha offers us a feel of the all new features and enhancement to expect in the upcoming version. Let’s explore in detail the new things making their way into Bootstrap 5.

Bootstrap 5 New Features and Highlights

Like any other major release, expect a lot of modifications in Bootstrap 5. So, let us focus on the changes and fresh arrival in the new version of Bootstrap.

Freshness Galore

The docs pages of Bootstrap 5 are not full-width any more. This modification was done to:

Render a new look and feel to the Bootstrap site.

Enhance readability.

Take the dominant app characteristics from a website and make it more content-like.

Also, it is receiving an excellent new logo influenced by the CSS. In the new logo the alphabet ‘B’ is a rounded square tied by entwined braces.

These alterations have been made to ‘Blog’ and ‘Icons’ sections, these can be seen in other website zones in future.

#Switching from jQuery to Vanilla JavaScript

For the last nine years, Bootstrap was fully extracting jQuery’s power to provide incredible features such as drop downs, carousel, menu expansion, etc. in their websites and applications. But, the entry of contemporary JavaScript frameworks such as Angular, Vue, and React, has prompted the Bootstrap team to remove jQuery as a dependency from version 5.

Rather, Bootstrap 5 depends on unadulterated vanilla JavaScript to provide behaviors such as popover, slider, dropdown, etc. Resultantly, projects developed on version 5 are very much lightweight and quicker, with better control and upkeep over your code. The proverbial icing on the cake is that you can still utilize jQuery if your project depends on it.

This has to be a game-changing modification effected in the framework in the last few years, rendering Bootstrap a perfectly chiseled out framework that merges with contemporary JavaScript-oriented frameworks.

Intuitive Font Sizes

Devising a website with mesmerizing looks on several viewports can be very challenging for some developers. To enhance readability on diverse viewports, you presently have to manually specify particular font sizes for a certain viewport using media queries.

To ensure that the process becomes convenient, the new version of Bootstrap will be having responsive font sizes automatically. This helps resize the typography elements on its own as per the user’s viewport via Bootstrap’s side project, RFS engine.

No Assistance for Internet Explorer

This happens to be a major shift after jQuery. There won’t be any assistance to Internet Explorer as Microsoft is totally focussed on Edge browser, which is based on Google’s open-source Chromium engine. Also, Internet Explorer has lost its relevance to present day web development technologies as it doesn’t support existing JavaScript standards. Resultantly, web designers and developers can totally concentrate on developing modern web pages instead of fretting over breaking any code on older browsers’ versions.

Enhanced Grid System

Bootstrap 5 rests on top of the current grid system. Rather than doing away with the present grid system and bringing in something totally new, the Bootstrap team has had various enhancements to it, to enable everyone to upgrade to the new version smoothly.

An overview of what’s new in the Bootstrap 5 grid system:

A fresh extra-extra-large (xxl) grid tier for resolutions ≥1400px.

.g* utilities replace .gutter classes, similar to padding/margin utilities.

The new grid system takes down the form layout options.

Inclusion of vertical spacing classes.

By default, columns do not have position: relative.

Do Away with Card Decks

Usually Bootstrap developers are required to write heavy-duty code to make cards with equal widths and heights, which aren’t attached. This takes a lot of time, so no longer there in Bootstrap 5. The new version eliminates the card decks as it provides more responsive control with the improved grid system.

Navbar Optimization

The Navbar element is an integral aspect of Bootstrap, which are commonly used by developers. Bootstrap 5 optimizes the navbar by:

Eliminating unwanted display: inline-block from Flex child components

Taking down line-height: inherit;

Incorporating a default “container” element to the navbar

Also, the Bootstrap team has executed a dark dropdown through dropdown-menu-dark class, which converts the dropdown menu into a black background.

Custom SVG Icon Library

Bootstrap 5 launches new, independent, and open-source SVG icon library created skillfully by the co-founder of the framework himself. This means you no longer have to utilize third-party icon libraries such as Material Icons or Font Awesome.

As these icons can be accessed as a different package, you can utilize them in your projects prior to the official launch of Bootstrap 5.

Moving from Jekyll to Hugo

Bootstrap was utilizing Jekyll as its documentation static site generator from the beginning. But, in the past few years, Hugo has become the quickest and most dynamic static site generator.

Considering the fact that Jekyll needs the Ruby installation and provides a slow static site generation, the Bootstrap team has made a switch from Jekyll to Hugo in version 5. Written in Go language, Hugo entails zilch external runtime dependencies and is very quicker than Jekyll.

CSS Custom Properties

Bootstrap 5 presently permits you to utilize CSS custom properties. As there were just a few root variables unleashed for color and fonts in version 4, the new version makes them available in various elements and layout options. This implies that you can define and reuse values for styling. As a result, your theme development experience will be enhanced a lot. Bootstrap 5 intends to nurture both Sass and CSS custom properties’ abilities to turn the framework even more flexible for developers.

Optimized Forms

Bootstrap 5 brings a disparate, committed section for Forms documentation and elements. The chief intent of this step is to provide all kind of forms they deserve. Together the new section, they have refurbished all of Bootstrap’s form controls. Dissimilar to releasing custom form controls in version 4, they’ve turned totally custom in Bootstrap 5.

A Fresh, Useful API

The fresh avatar of Bootstrap contains a brand new utility API to take down or alter the default utility classes. The new API is akin to the utility-first CSS framework Tailwind CSS. It brings a universe of prospects to make utility classes for sizing, spacing, positioning, etc.


digital Marketing consultant

As for selecting a digital marketing agency, it’s not as easy as it sounds like.

So, while selecting the app marketing company, you cannot afford to let your guard down. Go through these steps to make sure you are making the right choice as far as digital marketing agencies are concerned.



As you begin looking for the ideal digital marketing firms, you should, ideally, ask yourself some questions, such as what do I aim to accomplish with an agency and how much can I spend to get what I desire? Knowing clearly what you desire will assist you in finding precisely what you want, instead of wasting your time and effort. Upon realizing company’s requirements – whether it is maximizing your business’ presence online or redesigning your brand – you are prepared to search actively for the best digital marketing agency for you.


Evaluate the packages a company is providing – is it in sync with what you intend your business to achieve? This is a critical aspect and if their marketing strategy is poles apart from what you are seeking, the agency is not suitable for you. Also cost is something worth considering. There is no point in wasting money on a digital marketing package that is not in line with your needs.


It is a must to perform good background research of the digital marketing agencies you have been probing. In order to find out whether an agency is apt for you, simply look at the results they’ve produced. For example, if you want to hire an agency to perform content marketing, then look into how they run their own blog? The same yardstick applies to SEO; how do they rank in search terms for their industry? Are they on the first page of Google? Through recommendation as well you can find out about the efficacy of digital marketing agencies. Ask your friends and family or if any friends-of-friends are in the know. Be extremely cautious in case you are hiring an overseas digital marketing agency. They charge very low prices, but in reality, you might have to put up with poor service. And the time difference which can create a lot of issues.


You might wonder, what do I ask from a digital marketing agency? However, it is critical that you are asking the appropriate questions.


Can I view some campaign samples of yours?

Seek for a portfolio of successful campaigns. With these you can gauge their effectiveness.

Who will finish the work?

You might need several team members, such as an SEO agency with a content marketing team in-house. Assess the company and ask yourself: “Would I be satisfied with their work on my company’s site?”

What is the duration of keeping clients on average?

The longer would be ideal

What outcome can you assure me?

Remember that if you happen to be in a fairly competitive industry, a digital marketing agency should not raise the expectation with high talks, as there are several factors in the mix – it is clear that outcome will take time if you happen to be in a more competitive market.

How to gauge results and ROI?

Ensure how results will be quantified, and your return on investment (ROI).


Upon finding the digital marketing agencies suitable for your work contact the companies to express your interest. The immediate move is to dispatch a “Request for Proposal” (RFP) to few agencies to assist you choose the best among these. An RFP permits you to gather information from several companies and choose the company that suits your mission perfectly, both in terms of skill and budget. This clarifies which agency is suitable for your business, and the digital marketing you should hire.


As they say “proof of the pudding lies in its eating”. So, you would as well like to know what the company can do for you. In this endeavor, you can give them a task to do so as to find out if they have the ability to deliver the goods for you. No amount of testimonials can guarantee this. Ask them to prepare a digital PR campaign or do a content marketing post for your business. This way you would know the real worth of the agency.


Now, it is time to have a meeting with the digital agency. This is an ideal manner to get familiarized with the team and an opportunity to do away with any differences with the team before inking a contract. At this point personality clashes, if any, becomes apparent, which can adversely impact your business. So, a meeting is an ideal way to know everything about the chosen agency.